Biguanide and Sulfonylurea Medications

Basics of Biguanide and Sulfonylurea Medications

Health changes can produce a lot of anxiety, questions that seem to be hard to answer and uncertainty.  Finding a physician you can trust is vital in helping wade through the various treatments you may need.  Having Diabetes can be one of those conditions that can be difficult to manage without good, and professional help.

There are some medications that will probably be introduced by your doctor.  Biguanide and Sulfonylurea medications are often used to treat Pre-Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes.  Having a basic knowledge of these drugs can save some confusion in the doctor’s office and the pharmacy if these medications are prescribed.

Biguanide and Sulfonylureas medicationBiguanide is often known at Metformin, Glucohphage, Riomet or Fortamet.  It can also be combined with other companion medications and sold under a different label name.  This type of medication lowers blood sugar by decreasing the amount of sugar produced by the liver, decreasing the need for insulin, and increasing the amount of sugar absorbed by the cells of the muscles.  Since this drug does not cause the pancreas to produce more insulin, it should not cause low blood sugar or weight gain if only this medication is being taken.

Sulfonylurea medications are also known as Diabinese, Amaryl, Glucotrol, Glipizide, and Glyburide.  This medication is also available in a combination pill with a Biguanide medication.  Biguanide and sulfonylurea medications can work in combination quite well.  A sulfonylurea alone works by increasing the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas, which is supposed to lower blood sugar.

As with all medications, there are risks and side effects.  The most common things to watch for when using Biguanide and Sulfonylurea medications are drastic drops or raises in blood sugar, hunger and weight gain, and feeling dizzy.  These usually subside the longer the medication is taken.  However, if you have any serious side effects call your doctor immediately.  These medications, when used properly, can truly be a life saver.